The Hyderabad Deccan English Daily


"One Small Step for Man, a Giant leap for Mankind" - First man on moon Neil Armstrong dies



Columbus, USA, Aug 26 (IBNS) Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the surface of moon in July 1969, died on Saturday at Columbus in Ohio state of USA, his family said. He was 82.

Armstrong had underwent surgery on Aug 7 last to relieve blocked coronary arteries but he did not survive the post surgery complications.

According to family sources, Armstrong died of complications from cardiovascular procedures.

As commander of the Apollo 11 space flight he was the first man to set his foot on moon on July 20, 1969.

Born on Aug 5, 1930, Neil Alden Armstrong was an American NASA astronaut, test pilot, aerospace engineer, university professor and United States Naval Aviator besides stepping into history by that one small step on the moon that was indeed a giant step for mankind.

In a statement his family said: "We are heartbroken to share the news that Neil Armstrong has passed away following complications resulting from cardiovascular procedures.

"Neil was our loving husband, father, grandfather, brother and friend," it said.

It said: "Neil Armstrong was also a reluctant American hero who always believed he was just doing his job. He served his Nation proudly, as a navy fighter pilot, test pilot, and astronaut. He also found success back home in his native Ohio in business and academia, and became a community leader in Cincinnati.

"He remained an advocate of aviation and exploration throughout his life and never lost his boyhood wonder of these pursuits."

The family said as much as Neil cherished his privacy, he always appreciated the expressions of good will from people around the world and from all walks of life.

"While we mourn the loss of a very good man, we also celebrate his remarkable life and hope that it serves as an example to young people around the world to work hard to make their dreams come true, to be willing to explore and push the limits, and to selflessly serve a cause greater than themselves.

"For those who may ask what they can do to honor Neil, we have a simple request. Honor his example of service, accomplishment and modesty, and the next time you walk outside on a clear night and see the moon smiling down at you, think of Neil Armstrong and give him a wink."

Neil Armstrong was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, to Stephen Koenig Armstrong and Viola Louise Engel. He was of Scots-Irish and German descent, and had two younger siblings, June and Dean.

In 1947, Armstrong began studying aerospace engineering at Purdue University.

After serving as a naval aviator from 1949 to 1952, Armstrong joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in 1955. His first assignment was with the NACA Lewis Research Center (now NASA Glenn) in Cleveland. Over the next 17 years, he was an engineer, test pilot, astronaut and administrator for NACA and its successor agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

As a research pilot at NASA's Flight Research Center, Edwards, Calif., he was a project pilot on many pioneering high speed aircraft, including the well known, 4000-mph X-15. He has flown over 200 different models of aircraft, including jets, rockets, helicopters and gliders.

Armstrong transferred to astronaut status in 1962. He was assigned as command pilot for the Gemini 8 mission. Gemini 8 was launched on March 16, 1966, and Armstrong performed the first successful docking of two vehicles in space.

As spacecraft commander for Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission, Armstrong gained the distinction of being the first man to land a craft on the moon and first to step on its surface.

After moon landing, Armstrong, then 38, had famously said: "That's one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind."

In the moon mission Armstrong was with Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins. They had blasted off in Apollo 11 on a nearly 250,000-mile voyage to the moon that had taken four days.

The lunar module "Eagle" separated from the command module and then landed on moon.

"Tranquility Base here, the Eagle has landed," he had said after the landing.

Then as his feet touched the moon's surface, he stepped into the history as the first human being to walk on the moon.

Armstrong subsequently held the position of Deputy Associate Administrator for Aeronautics, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C. In this position, he was responsible for the coordination and management of overall NASA research and technology work related to aeronautics.

He was Professor of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Cincinnati between 1971-1979. During the years 1982-1992, Armstrong was chairman of Computing Technologies for Aviation, Inc., Charlottesville, Va.

He received a Bachelor of Science Degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Purdue University and a Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Southern California. He holds honorary doctorates from a number of universities.

Armstrong is a Fellow of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots and the Royal Aeronautical Society; Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and the International Astronautics Federation.

He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Academy of the Kingdom of Morocco. He served as a member of the National Commission on Space (1985-1986), as Vice-Chairman of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident (1986), and as Chairman of the Presidential Advisory Committee for the Peace Corps (1971-1973).

Armstrong has been decorated by 17 countries.

He is the recipient of many special honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom; the Congressional Space Medal of Honor; the Explorers Club Medal; the Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy; the NASA Distinguished Service Medal; the Harmon International Aviation Trophy; the Royal Geographic Society's Gold Medal; the Federation Aeronautique Internationale's Gold Space Medal; the American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Award; the Robert J. Collier Trophy; the AIAA Astronautics Award; the Octave Chanute Award; and the John J. Montgomery Award.

Update:

Neil was among greatest American heroes: Obama

New York, Aug 26 (IBNS): US President Barack Obama joined rest of the world to mourn the death of US astronaut Neil Armstrong, who passed away on Saturday at Columbus in Ohio state. The President called him among the greatest of American heroes.

"Neil was among the greatest of American heroes - not just of his time, but of all time. When he and his fellow crew members lifted off aboard Apollo 11 in 1969, they carried with them the aspirations of an entire nation. They set out to show the world that the American spirit can see beyond what seems unimaginable - that with enough drive and ingenuity, anything is possible," Obama said in a statement.

"And when Neil stepped foot on the surface of the moon for the first time, he delivered a moment of human achievement that will never be forgotten," he said.

"Today, Neil's spirit of discovery lives on in all the men and women who have devoted their lives to exploring the unknown - including those who are ensuring that we reach higher and go further in space. That legacy will endure - sparked by a man who taught us the enormous power of one small step," Obama said.

Several celebrities including politicians have joined Obama to pay tribute to Neil ho was first man to walk on the surface of moon in July 1969.

US Republican presidential contender Mitt Romney said in a statement: Neil Armstrong today takes his place in the hall of heroes. With courage unmeasured and unbounded love for his country, he walked where man had never walked before."

US Secretary of Defense Leon E. Panetta mourned Neils' death and said: "I was deeply saddened to learn today of the passing of Neil Armstrong, one of America's greatest heroes and Naval aviators. On behalf of the Department of Defense, I express my condolences to the Armstrong family during this difficult time. "

"We are bidding farewell to one of our own. As a decorated Korean War veteran, as an astronaut for NASA, and as the first man to walk on the moon, Neil inspired generations of Americans to believe that as a nation we are capable of achieving greatness that only comes with determination, perseverance, and hard work," Panetta said.

"As a true pioneer, his one small step showed all mankind the great feats we can accomplish when we set ourselves to the task. While Neil is no longer with us, his spirit and his legacy of American achievement and national pride will live forever," Panetta said.

NASA Administrator Charles Bolden said Neil's name will always be mentioned in history books.

"On behalf of the entire NASA family, I would like to express my deepest condolences to Carol and the rest of the Armstrong family on the passing of Neil Armstrong. As long as there are history books, Neil Armstrong will be included in them, remembered for taking humankind's first small step on a world beyond our own," Bolden said in a statement.

"Besides being one of America's greatest explorers, Neil carried himself with a grace and humility that was an example to us all. When President Kennedy challenged the nation to send a human to the moon, Neil Armstrong accepted without reservation," Bolden said.

"As we enter this next era of space exploration, we do so standing on the shoulders of Neil Armstrong. We mourn the passing of a friend, fellow astronaut and true American hero," Bolden said.

Astronaut Chris Hadfield tweeted: Neil Armstrong is one of my heroes. He inspired and challenged us all to work at the edges of what's possible. A life well-lived. RIP Neil.

American astronaut Buzz Aldrin, who was the second human being to set foot on the Moon, tweeted: On behalf of the Aldrin family we extend our deepest condolences to Carol & the entire Armstrong family on Neil's passing-He will be missed. Neil & I trained together but were also good friends who will always be connected thru our participation in the Apollo 11 mission. I know I am joined by millions of others in mourning Neil's passing - a true American hero and the best pilot I ever knew.

Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the surface of moon in July 1969, died on Saturday at Columbus in Ohio state of USA, his family said. He was 82.

Armstrong had underwent surgery on Aug 7 last to relieve blocked coronary arteries but he did not survive the post surgery complications.

According to family sources, Armstrong died of complications from cardiovascular procedures.

As commander of the Apollo 11 space flight he was the first man to set his foot on moon on July 20, 1969.

Born on Aug 5, 1930, Neil Alden Armstrong was an American NASA astronaut, test pilot, aerospace engineer, university professor and United States Naval Aviator besides stepping into history by that one small step on the moon that was indeed a giant step for mankind.

In a statement his family said: "We are heartbroken to share the news that Neil Armstrong has passed away following complications resulting from cardiovascular procedures.

"Neil was our loving husband, father, grandfather, brother and friend," it said.

In 1947, Armstrong began studying aerospace engineering at Purdue University.

After serving as a naval aviator from 1949 to 1952, Armstrong joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in 1955. His first assignment was with the NACA Lewis Research Center (now NASA Glenn) in Cleveland. Over the next 17 years, he was an engineer, test pilot, astronaut and administrator for NACA and its successor agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

As a research pilot at NASA's Flight Research Center, Edwards, Calif., he was a project pilot on many pioneering high speed aircraft, including the well known, 4000-mph X-15. He has flown over 200 different models of aircraft, including jets, rockets, helicopters and gliders.

Armstrong transferred to astronaut status in 1962. He was assigned as command pilot for the Gemini 8 mission. Gemini 8 was launched on March 16, 1966, and Armstrong performed the first successful docking of two vehicles in space.

As spacecraft commander for Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission, Armstrong gained the distinction of being the first man to land a craft on the moon and first to step on its surface.

After moon landing, Armstrong, then 38, had famously said: "That's one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind."

In the moon mission Armstrong was with Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins. They had blasted off in Apollo 11 on a nearly 250,000-mile voyage to the moon that had taken four days.

The lunar module "Eagle" separated from the command module and then landed on moon.

"Tranquility Base here, the Eagle has landed," he had said after the landing.

Then as his feet touched the moon's surface, he stepped into the history as the first human being to walk on the moon.




2012-08-26




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