Shortage of Houses in Urban Areas
May 2/2013 : The Technical Group constituted by Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation in 2006 to assess the urban housing shortage in the country, had estimated that at the beginning of 11th Five Year Plan (2007-12), the urban housing shortage in the country was 24.71 million. The Technical Group on Urban Housing Shortage for the 12th Plan ( TG-12) in the context of the strategy of inclusive development in the Twelfth Plan, addressing the problem of mismatch between suppliers of housing and those needing them and bringing down the housing shortage has estimated the urban housing shortage as 18.78 million at the beginning of the 12th Plan Period i.e. 2012. This was stated by Shri Ajay Maken, Union Minister of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA), in the Rajya Sabha today, in a written reply to a question by Shri Ram Jethmalani.
The Minister further 'Land' and 'Colonisation' are State subjects, therefore it is the primary responsibility of State Governments to provide affordable houses to all citizens. However, in order to complement and supplement the iniatives of State Governments and to incentivize and promote the construction of houses, the Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation has been implementing various housing schemes like:
(i) Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) with its two sub-mission viz., Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) and Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme (IHSDP);
(ii) Rajiv AwasYojana (RAY);
(iii) Interest Subsidy Scheme for Housing the Urban Poor (ISHUP);
(iv) Affordable Housing in Partnership (AHP); and
These schemes coupled with other macro economic policies and with the involvement of State Governments, Banks and other Primary Lending Institutions (PLIs) have resulted in reduction of housing shortage in the country.
The Minister further stated that Government of India does not maintain any annual time series data on allotment / construction of houses for the people of lower category, medium category and prosperous category
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